Winds ESE at 10 to 15 mph. During the La Niña state, the trade winds blow across the Pacific Ocean from east to west and the sea surface temperature progressively becomes warmer along this east to west track. By the afternoon, as a result of the onset of the sea breeze, only 7% of winds are offshore. Maximum temperatures were up to 23 degrees above the February average, and for many places it was the hottest day on record, including: 46.4°C in Melbourne city, the highest maximum temperature in the city since records began. The remaining southern districts often obtain a measure of relief from showers produced by passing cold fronts. The varied climate of Victoria sees much of the state warming up from December to February and cooling down from March to May before getting really chilly from June to August and then warming up again from September to November. However, such relief does not always arrive so soon, and periods of two or three days, or even longer, have been experienced when the maximum temperature exceeds 40°C. The relative humidity in the early morning, usually the time of minimum temperature, is close to the daily maximum relative humidity. Carried along with this current are two large areas of relatively warm water, alternating with two large areas of relatively cold water. As a consequence of the stronger jet streams, vertical motions in the atmosphere are also stronger, and each front that moves across the continent is accompanied by a thicker cloud band than usual and also heavier rain than usual. When the (usually) very warm waters off the northwest coast are even warmer than normal and the (usually) cool waters off the west coast are even cooler than normal, the resulting increase in temperature contrast between these two regions leads to a strengthening of the jet streams. Droughts have shaped the history of the settlement in Victoria. The State of Victoria experiences a wide range of climatic conditions. The "El Niño - La Niña" phenomenon operates over the tropical Pacific Ocean and represents an oscillation between two main states, "El Niño" and "La Niña". Therefore, local dust may be fairly frequent, provided dry particles are available. A normal weather pattern called an Indian Ocean Dipole, as well as conditions over the Southern Ocean, contributed to the hot and dry conditions in 2019. By contrast, in mid-summer, the relative humidity at 9am varies from 70 to 80% along the coast, to around 50% on the northern plains. Victoria Sorted by site name . This happens during summer over the southeastern States and, as a result, this area is regarded as one of the most fire hazardous in the world, ranking with California and southern France. In addition to administering the meteorological service throughout Australia, this office continued the meteorological functions of the State Observatory. These floods result from relatively short intense bursts of rainfall, commonly from thunderstorms, and can occur in almost all parts of Victoria. Showing: All Year January February March April May June July August September October November December. As the southernmost state of Australia's mainland, Victoria's weather is often wetter and cooler than Australia's other mainland territories and states. These range from the hot summer of the Mallee to the winter blizzards of the snow-covered alps, and from the relatively dry wheat belt to the wet eastern elevated areas from which so many of our permanent streams spring. The most reliable rainfall occurs in the Western District, where the passage of cold fronts, especially in winter, bring frequent light to moderate falls. This temperature is therefore called the dewpoint temperature. Many severe thunderstorms produce very heavy rain and local flooding, but it is those that produce large hail and tornadoes which are responsible for the majority of severe damage. Snow has been recorded in all months over the higher Alps, but main falls occur during the winter months. Another bad form of dust storm though less frequent, is associated with persistent northerly winds in which local dust and wind borne dust from districts further north combine. The valley breeze is well developed in many hilly area of Victoria, being the result of differential cooling after sunset. From April to October the weather is hot. Over the elevated areas that form the Central Divide and the Northeast Highlands, maximum temperatures decrease steadily with height, being as low as in the mid-teens in the very highest localities. Under the worst conditions observed, dust storms of moderate to severe intensity have occurred in the far north on four to six days per month, during the summer months. The rainfall over East Gippsland is less reliable, with lengthy dry periods broken by relatively heavy rainfall events caused by low pressure systems off the NSW south coast or in eastern Bass Strait. The head-waters reaches of inland rivers, such as the Grampians area of the Wimmera River and the upper areas of rivers flowing northwards off the Great Dividing Range to the Murray River, experience flooding of this type. Annual "Class-A" pan totals vary from over 2000 mm in the northwest of the State, to between 1400 mm and 1600 mm over much of the northern plains and between 1200 mm and 1400 mm in the south, to below 1000 mm over the higher ranges. Mostly sunny, hot in the north. Report These are the real-time observations from the weather station at Victoria Airport. Our children and grandchildren can, nevertheless, expect some repetition of much the same sort of weather that has occurred since the middle of the nineteenth century, when the collection of weather records was first organised in this State. C., which is 15 miles from Victoria. The third is the "Antarctic Circumpolar Wave". On summer mornings, 29% of winds are offshore (from the NW, N, or NE). Friday Mostly cloudy, cool-to-mild in the southwest. Inland, the main source of rain is from bands or areas of cloud from eastward moving frontal systems that cross the Southern Ocean. Day temperatures on the coast average in the low-teens in July; much the same value is recorded over the wheat belt, and temperatures are only one or two degrees higher in the far northwest under conditions of few clouds and relatively profuse winter sunshine. Indeed, coastal gale-force winds are a feature of Victoria's climate. 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