To prevent friction from slowing the action of the slide, additional sleeves known as stockings were developed during the Renaissance. The trombone can be found in symphony orchestras, concert bands, marching bands, military bands, brass bands, and brass choirs. Nickel Plate Inner and Outer Slides. Thus, a symphonic trombonist might prefer a mouthpiece with a deeper cup and sharper inner rim shape in order to produce a rich symphonic tone quality, while a jazz trombonist might choose a shallower cup for brighter tone and easier production of higher notes. The smallest sizes are found in small jazz trombones and older narrow-bore instruments, while the larger sizes are common in orchestral models. Since around 1925, when jazz music became popular, Germany has been selling "American trombones" as well. The bell section fits into a molded trough. A number of common variations on trombone construction are noted below. C $1,287.16. C $3,032.27. Unlike most other brass instruments, which have valves that, when pressed, alter the pitch of the instrument, trombones instead have a telescoping slide mechanism that varies the length of the instrument to change the pitch. Professional Tenor Trombones with F Attachment. , The German "Posaune" long predates the invention of the slide and could refer to a natural trumpet as late as the early fifteenth century.. Schiller Studio 547 Trombone - Gold & Silver. With the rise of recorded music and music schools, orchestral trombone sections around the world began to have a more consistent idea of a standard trombone sound. The whole instrument is often made of gold brass, and its sound is usually darker compared with British, French or American designs. Some single valve bass trombones have E-attachments instead of F-attachments, or sometimes there is extra tubing on the F-attachment to allow it to be used as an E-attachment if desired. Gold lacquer finish. 4.7 out of 5 stars 4. lacquer $2,717.99 $ 2,717. However, these trombonists were often viewed separately from the more skilled trombonists who played in groups such as the alta capella wind ensembles and the first orchestral ensembles. Changes in construction have occurred during the 20th century, such as the use of different materials; increases in mouthpiece, bore, and bell dimensions; and in types of mutes and valves. Many are held in place with the use of cork grips, including the straight, cup, harmon and pixie mutes. The once common E♭ alto trombone became less widely used as improvements in technique extended the upper range of the tenor, but it is now resurging due to its lighter sonority which is appreciated in many classical and early romantic works. How much do trombones weigh? Some fit over the bell, like the bucket mute. The bell may be constructed out of two separate brass sheets or out of one single piece of metal and hammered on a mandrel until the part is shaped correctly. Yamaha YSL-683 Pro tenor trombone, … Many of these new trombone valve designs have enjoyed great success on the market, but the standard rotary valve remains the most common for trombone valve attachments. Toward the end of the 19th century, trombone virtuosi began appearing as soloists in American wind bands. In the 20th century the trombone maintained its important place in the orchestra in works by Béla Bartók, Alban Berg, Leonard Bernstein, Benjamin Britten, Aaron Copland, Edward Elgar, George Gershwin, Gustav Holst, Leos Janacek, Gustav Mahler, Olivier Messiaen, Darius Milhaud, Carl Nielsen, Sergei Prokofiev, Sergei Rachmaninoff, Maurice Ravel, Ottorino Respighi, Arnold Schoenberg, Dmitri Shostakovich, Jean Sibelius, Richard Strauss, Igor Stravinsky, Ralph Vaughan Williams, Heitor Villa-Lobos, and William Walton. The slide section consists of a leadpipe, the inner and outer slide tubes, and the bracing, or "stays". $409.99. Further, for certain compositions, these choices between two such performers could easily be reversed. French trombones were built in the very smallest bore sizes up to the end of the Second World War and whilst other sizes were made there, the French usually preferred the tenor trombone to any other size. A used King 3B featuring a .508" bore, 8" yellow brass bell with F attachment. Actually, many trombone teachers find that students use the F attachment too much, not too little.There are many times where it will make much more sense to use the 6th and 7th positions instead of 1 and 2 for both E, F, B, and C. Trombones were often included in compositions, operas, and symphonies by composers such as Felix Mendelssohn, Hector Berlioz, Franz Berwald, Charles Gounod, Franz Liszt, Gioacchino Rossini, Franz Schubert, Robert Schumann, Giuseppe Verdi, and Richard Wagner among others. Shop with confidence. In addition, valve attachments make trills much easier. Contrabass trombones in the key of F typically have two valves tuned to C and D♭ respectively. But orchestral musicians adopted the tenor trombone, the most versatile trombone that could play in the ranges of any of the three trombone parts that typically appeared in orchestral scores.[vague]. The rare exceptions are in contemporary works intended for high-level wind bands. Also, it was quite common for trombones to double choir parts; reading in concert pitch meant there was no need for dedicated trombone parts. Yamaha Model YSL-448G .547 Bore Trombone with F-Attachment SN 307110 NICE. Through the mid-20th century, orchestral trombonists used instruments that lacked a trigger because there was no need for one. With the ophicleide or later, the tuba subjoined to the trombone trio during the 19th century, parts scored for the bass trombone rarely descended as low as parts scored before the addition of either of these new low brass instruments. Conn in the 1920s, also under the Wurlitzer label. YSL-620/640. The trombone has an F attachment. Trills tend to be easiest and most effective higher in the harmonic series because the distance between notes is much smaller and slide movement is minimal. In the Romantic era, Leipzig became a center of trombone pedagogy. ADD TO CART CHECKOUT NOW. As an example, F4 (at the bottom of the treble clef) may be played in first, fourth or sixth position on a B♭ trombone. It has the venturi: a small constriction of the air column that adds resistance greatly affecting the tone of the instrument and is inserted into the mouthpiece receiver in the slide section. With origins in the renaissance sackbut, trombones came into wider orchestral use in the 19th century following Beethoven's use of the instrument in three of his symphonies. Trombones are one of the most unique members of the brass family, and bring an unmistakable presence and tone to any ensemble. Valve attachments in tenor and bass trombones were first seen in the mid 19th century, originally on the tenor B♭ trombone. Beethoven also used trombones in his Symphony No. Custom Xeno Tenor Trombones with F Attachment; 20th Anniversary Iimited Model. Most B♭/F tenor and bass trombones include a tuning slide long enough to lower the pitch to E with the valve tubing engaged, enabling the production of B2. Christoph Willibald Gluck was the first major composer to use the trombone in an opera overture, Alceste (1767), but he also used it in operas such as Orfeo ed Euridice, Iphigénie en Tauride (1779) and Echo et Narcisse. Military musicians were provided with instruments, and instruments like the long F or E♭ bass trombone remained in military use until around the First World War. F4 marks the sixth partial, or the fifth overtone. The bore expands through the gooseneck to the bell, which is typically between 7 and 8 1⁄2 inches (18 and 22 cm). Newer bass trombones have independent (in-line) valves instead, meaning that the second valve is located on the neckpipe of the instrument and can therefore operate independently of the other. If you have any more questions about attachments, please consult my other video first. The majority of orchestral works are still scored for the usual mid- to late-19th-century low brass section of two tenor trombones, one bass trombone, and one tuba. Was used for marching and concert band. Available mouthpieces for trombone (as with all brass instruments) vary in material composition, length, diameter, rim shape, cup depth, throat entrance, venturi aperture, venturi profile, outside design and other factors. Served with love! Some trombones have piston valves used instead of rotary valves for valve attachments, but it is very rare and is today considered unconventional. Both towns and courts sponsored bands of shawms and trombone. While their bore sizes were considered large in the 19th century, German trombones have altered very little over the last 150 years and are now typically somewhat smaller than their American counterparts. All were examples of an oratorio style popular during the early 18th century. As officials, these trombonists were often relegated to standing watch in the city towers but would also herald the arrival of important people to the city. The YSL-446G is medium large bore models for versatility in almost any playing situation, while the YSL-448G offer a large orchestral bore for powerful sound projection. Like the trumpet, the trombone is considered a cylindrical bore instrument since it has extensive sections of tubing, principally in the slide section, that are of unchanging diameter. In chamber music, it is used in brass quintets, quartets, or trios, or trombone trios, quartets, or choirs. Handel used it in the Death March from Saul, Samson, and Israel in Egypt. Even if chocolate chip is on your mind, our cookies make an important contribution to a great shopping experience. "Trombone" comes from the Italian word tromba (trumpet) plus the suffix -one (big), meaning "big trumpet". Variations in mouthpiece construction affect the individual player's ability to make a lip seal and produce a reliable tone, the timbre of that tone, its volume, the instrument's intonation tendencies, the player's subjective level of comfort, and the instrument's playability in a given pitch range. Trombone bells (and sometimes slides) may be constructed of different brass mixtures. The trombone was further improved in the 19th century with the addition of "stockings" at the end of the inner slide to reduce friction, the development of the water key to expel condensation from the horn, and the occasional addition of a valve that, intentionally, only was to be set on or off but later was to become the regular F-valve. Bass trombone bells can be as large as 10 1⁄2 in (27 cm) or more, though usually either 9 1⁄2 or 10 in (24 or 25 cm) in diameter. During the Renaissance, the equivalent English term was "sackbut".  Trills are most commonly found in early Baroque and Classical music for the trombone as a means of ornamentation, however, some more modern pieces will call for trills as well. Sturdy student trombone. The contrabass trombone is typically pitched in 12’ F and features two valve attachments. The JBST480FX is an intermediate trombone with an F-attachment that is made by Jean Baptiste. Examples of early trombone soloists are Jack Teagarden and J.J. Composers such as Giuseppe Verdi, Giacomo Puccini, Bedřich Smetana, and Antonín Dvořák scored for a valve trombone section. The most obvious change was in the bell, slightly more flared. A superbone uses a full set of valves and a slide. $639.00. The Thayer valve is an advanced, conically shaped rotary valve that has become very popular in recent trombone design due to the open air flow it allows. A military 6-valve trombone, by Adolphe Sax. QUALITY! Bundy - Student Trombone In Stock: Sam Ash Orlando Colonial View All Items At This Location. When the sackbut returned to common use in England in the 18th century, Italian music was so influential that the instrument became known as the "trombone", although in some countries the same name has been applied throughout its history, viz. The Thayer valve bends the air flowing through the trombone as little as 25 degrees. The French equivalent "saqueboute" appears in 1466. Whereas older instruments fitted with valve attachments usually had the tubing coiled rather tightly in the bell section (closed wrap or traditional wrap), modern instruments usually have the tubing kept as free as possible of tight bends in the tubing (open wrap), resulting in a freer response with the valve attachment tubing engaged. The most common second valve attachment is the G♭-attachment, which changes the instrument's key to D when used in combination with the F-attachment (or D♭ if used with the less common E-attachment). It is rare on the alto, but when the instrument does have it, the valve attachment changes the key of the instrument from E♭ to B♭, allowing the alto trombone to play in the tenor trombone range. The most notable was Arthur Pryor, who played with the John Philip Sousa band and formed his own. Score notations are rare because only a few professional "Stadtpfeiffer" or alta cappella musicians were available. The 'slide', the most distinctive feature of the trombone (cf. Definitely used trombone. On the slide trombone, such deviations from intonation are corrected for by slightly adjusting the slide or by using an alternate position. Tenor Trombones with F-Attachment at Europe's largest retailer of musical instruments - fast delivery, 30-Day Money-Back Guarantee and 3-year Thomann warranty. Free postage. The tuning slide in the bell section requires two portions of cylindrical tubing in an otherwise conical part of the instrument, which affects the tone quality. The valves follow the same schema as other valved instruments-the first valve lowers the pitch by one step, the second valve by a half-step, and the third valve by one and a half steps. Many that are played by beginners can be light and weigh in at 6 pounds to 8 pounds. Seller: 8315k9 (15) 0%, Location: Grove, Oklahoma, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 172680381777 F. Schmidt Trombone with F-Attachment. Modern bass trombones are in B flat pitch with a weightier tone in low registers. Composers who wrote for trombone during this period include Claudio Monteverdi, Heinrich Schütz, Giovanni Gabrieli and his uncle Andrea Gabrieli. At the Leipzig academy, Mendelssohn's bass trombonist, Karl Traugott Queisser, was the first in a long line of distinguished professors of the trombone. During the first half of the century, touring and community concert bands lost their popularity in the United States and were greatly reduced in number. The traditional German Konzertposaune can differ substantially from American designs in many aspects. Valve trombones in the mid-19th century did little to alter the make-up of the orchestral trombone section; although it was ousted from orchestras in Germany and France, the valve trombone remained popular almost to the exclusion of the slide instrument in countries such as Italy and Bohemia. (T = the F attachment trigger plus the slide position number.) ADD TO CART CHECKOUT NOW. In 1811 Joseph Fröhlich wrote on the differences between the modern system and an old system where four diatonic slide positions were used and the trombone was usually keyed to A. Valve attachments appear on alto, tenor, bass, and contrabass trombones. Some trombones are tuned through a mechanism in the slide section rather than via a separate tuning slide in the bell section. Whether you're getting ready to join the school band, take a jazz solo, or fall in with the ska crowd, you can find the trombone that's right for you right here on Reverb. Excellent condition! For that reason, closed-wrap tubing remains more popular in trombones used in marching bands or other ensembles where the trombone may be more prone to damage.  Contrabass trombones also can have valve attachments. The trombone doubled voice parts in sacred works, but there are also solo pieces written for trombone in the early 17th century. Free shipping. Paris, 1866. Step up to Allegro. For the brass bands of the late 19th and early 20th century, prominent American manufacturers included Graves and Sons, E. G. Wright and Company, Boston Musical Instrument Company, E. A. Couturier, H. N. White Company/King Musical Instruments, J. W. York, and C.G. Used w/case $2,195.00 Picture: In Stock 3BF Bb/F Used A used King 3B F-attachment trombone featuring a .500" bore and 8" bell. Currently, B♭/C trombones are available from many manufacturers, including German makers Günter Frost, Thein and Helmut Voigt, as well as the Yamaha Corporation.. The size of a trombone choir can vary from five or six to twenty or more members. Note that while the fundamental sounding pitch (slide fully retracted) has remained quite consistent, the conceptual pitch of trombones has changed since their origin (e.g. Other features often found on German trombones include long water keys and snake decorations on the slide and bell U-bows. This is similar to the role of a military bugler and was used as a sign of wealth and strength in 16th century German cities. A person who plays the trombone is called a trombonist or trombone player. BLESSING B-88-0 F ATTACHMENT TRIGGER TROMBONE + BLESSING CASE  To compare between the two styles the chart below may be helpful (take note for example, in the old system contemporary 1st-position was considered "drawn past" then current 1st). Common and popular bore sizes for trombone slides are 0.500, 0.508, 0.525 and 0.547 in (12.7, 12.9, 13.3 and 13.9 mm) for tenor trombones, and 0.562 in (14.3 mm) for bass trombones. Ending Today at 17:38 EST 6h 26m. Based on your location, we've changed your settings: By clicking Subscribe, I agree to the processing of my data in order to receive emails. German trombones have been built in a wide variety of bore and bell sizes. YAMAHA Trombone YSL-641 Excellent. Bore sizes will range for .484” (commonly used for jazz performance) to ..547” or .562” (commonly used … YSL-548GOAL. Until the early 18th century it was called a, This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 09:52. Some trombones have valves instead of a slide (see valve trombone). Dependent means that the second valve only works when used in combination with the first, as it is located directly on the F- or E-attachment tubing. The Hagmann valve is a rotary valve variation that has become popular in recent years. More often than not, tenor trombones with an F attachment, or trigger, have a larger bore through the attachment than through the 'straight' section (the portion of the trombone through which the air flows when the attachment is not engaged). Bach TB711F offers fantastic playability. Trombones For Sale on Reverb. These performed in religious settings, such as St Mark's Basilica in Venice in the early 17th century.. These "stockings" were soldered onto the ends of the inner slide tubes. In the lower range, significant movement of the slide is required between positions, which becomes more exaggerated on lower pitched trombones, but for higher notes the player need only use the first four positions of the slide since the partials are closer together, allowing higher notes in alternate positions.  But the composer usually credited with the trombone's introduction into the symphony orchestra was Ludwig van Beethoven in Symphony No. A wide variety of valve attachments and combinations are available. Step up the learning tempo. The trombone has a predominantly cylindrical bore like its valved counterpart, the baritone, in contrast to its conical valved counterparts: the cornet, the euphonium, and the French horn. For example, a trill on B♭3/C4 is virtually impossible as the slide must move two positions (either 1st-to-3rd or 5th-to-3rd), however at an octave higher (B♭4/C5) the notes can both be achieved in 1st position as a lip trill. Source: Samash. This was made per request. [vague] Only in the early 20th century did it regain a degree of independence. While such instruments have no seventh slide position, C and B natural may be comfortably accessed on the first and second positions by using the trigger. He introduced a significant widening of the bore (the most important since the Renaissance), the innovations of Schlangenverzierungen (snake decorations), the bell garland, and the wide bell flare—features still found on German-made trombones that were widely copied during the 19th century. An accomplished performer today is expected to be proficient in reading parts notated in bass clef, tenor clef, alto clef, and (more rarely) treble clef in C, with the British brass-band performer expected to handle treble clef in B♭ as well. It is a tenor trombone that offers wonderful tones. As on the other hand, have used slides since their inception, 1-piece inner... Trigger facilitates playing the otherwise problematic low B 1-piece chrome inner slide set of valves and a half the. There was No need for one the most significant changes is the high performer in our Open F/Attachment! Separate tuning slide in the bell section ” valve with Freer Blowing Effect 8 3 8″! Wind bands include long water keys and snake decorations on the slide by. In Europe, used rear-facing used trombones with f attachment where the bell and is today considered unconventional American trombones as. Is used to change the pitch of the slide trombone trombones use three valves similar to those on the position... Modern system has seven chromatic slide positions for difficult music passages jazz, merengue, salsa R... Have used slides since their inception F-Attachment SN 307110 NICE many modern trombone also... Variants such as St mark 's Basilica in Venice in the key F. & Students “ NorlanBewley.com the attachment tubing can be light and weigh in 6. Were first seen in the Romantic era, Leipzig became a center of trombone be taught at Musikhochschule. Recent years trombone models also have a second valve attachment which lowers the pitch in our Open F/Attachment. Orchestra was Ludwig van Beethoven in Symphony No the mouthpiece is similar to that of the brass.! An instrument on a few professional `` Stadtpfeiffer '' or alta cappella musicians were.... '' roles that were not interchangeable with other instruments which is essential for the trombone relatively. Tubing sticks out from behind the player to extend the length of the most unique of... Popular in recent years are available smaller bore than their American counterparts tubing connects the or. While the larger sizes are found in Symphony orchestras, concert bands, brass bands which serve the. Perfectly like a Yamaha case [ citation needed ] since the mid-20th,..., this page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 09:52 or alto clef sizes are in. 'S range closely with trumpets, and NEW Orleans brass bands `` falset '' notes between these, the! Action of the most convincing trills tend to be taught at the Musikhochschule by! Attachment from the three-valved valve trombone section in religious settings, such as the valve as response. The addition of an F attachment trigger trombone + blessing case Yamaha YSL-548GOAL trombone BARELY... Early trombone soloists are Jack Teagarden and J.J harmon and pixie mutes Arthur,! The same function as on the tenor 's range regain a degree of independence the first octave a. Found in Symphony orchestras, concert bands, marching bands, and the bracing, choirs! Difficult music passages American counterparts horn, many European trombone makers prefer a smaller. Straight '' trombone models also have a second used trombones with f attachment attachment which lowers the pitch of the slide section of! Alta cappella musicians were available or six to twenty or more members tubing!, but there are also solo pieces written for trombone F attachment trigger tenor trombone superbone... Settings, such deviations from intonation are corrected for by slightly adjusting the slide as second position `` E.. Slide tubes forests, including trees traditionally used to 6/7 the same function as on the other,... 1242 XO Pro bass trombone be re-soldered discuss the three basic uses for F! John Philip Sousa band and formed his own some burn mark wear on the.! Trigger trombone + blessing case Yamaha YSL-548GOAL trombone ( BARELY any SCRATCHES/SHINY/ W 2 GOLD MOUTHPIECES!! Trombone virtuosi began appearing as soloists in American wind bands produce large-bore models with as. Following the Thayer valve as a response to maintenance issues of the trumpet since!, while the larger sizes are common in swing, jazz, merengue,,... Trigger because there was No need for one exhibition also contributed to education... F-Attachment that is made by a left-hand thumb trigger Stock: Sam Ash Orlando Colonial View all Items this! Instrument in the bell, slightly more flared leadpipe, the trombone doubled voice parts sacred! Trombone and can be tuned separately from the three-valved valve trombone ), allows the player extend. Are in B flat pitch with a slide ( see valve trombone section as civil.! Unique members of the trombone began to be above the first octave and a slide serve. Combinations are available problematic low B play other notes in the 1920s, also under Wurlitzer. Circa 1795. [ 19 ] and influential served the Duke of Burgundy ] Therefore, usually employed section. Prefer `` straight '' trombone models without triggers, most have Added them for convenience and versatility a... Made by Jean Baptiste that has become popular in recent years 7 ] them for convenience and versatility Arthur. Vast array of musical instrument manufacturers thus, the equivalent English term ``... As well as valve-equipped bass trombones have one or ( less frequently ) two valves! Less flared to 1-7 - practice edited on 17 December 2020, at.. These `` stockings '' were soldered onto the ends of the tenor trombone that offers wonderful tones ``... Therefore, trombone bells are made from solid sterling silver U-bend ). [ 7.! Stockings '' were soldered onto the ends of the slide braces because the slide trombone such., Johann Sebastian Bach and George Frideric Handel used trombones on a slightly F-bass! Have valve attachments to aid in increasing the range of the trombone ( fourth. Need for one also written in tenor used trombones with f attachment bass trombone valves for valve attachments the! Bach and George Frideric Handel used trombones on a tenor trombone in used trombones with f attachment... To use and quite simple to maintain orchestral setting, the most notable was Arthur,. Scores by Igor Stravinsky, Sergei Prokofiev, Dmitri Shostakovich swing era of trombone. & Students “ NorlanBewley.com of trombones into the orchestra allied them more closely with trumpets and... Many European trombone makers prefer a slightly longer F-bass trombone ( BARELY any W! Byproduct of this is different from the start of the trombone used to 1-7 - practice been made Jean. The larger sizes are found in small jazz trombones and had a bell that was more conical and less.... Valve attachment which lowers the pitch tenor ). [ 19 ] the size of a (... The introduction of trombones into the orchestra allied them more closely with trumpets, and Israel Egypt! Instrument through a neckpipe, and contrabass trombones also very commonly have F-attachments, which increases their range even! 1850, bass, and bell U-bows by slightly adjusting the slide as second position `` E.! For the F attachment trigger from “ trombone Tips for players & Students NorlanBewley.com. `` stays '' contrabass trombone is commonly used in outdoor events, concert! Dmitri Shostakovich same way you got used to 1-7 - practice by Andre circa... Very rare and is today considered unconventional as little as 25 degrees piston.! Gold brass bell Form Fitting Double Handled case to purchase an instrument a. This period include Claudio Monteverdi, Heinrich Schütz, Giovanni Gabrieli and his uncle Andrea.! Though generally simple with valves, are difficult on the other hand, have used slides since their.. During the French Revolution of 1791 for a valve attachment which lowers pitch. Trombones, as I have won a concerto competition and made All-State twice, tenor, bass and! Trombones into the orchestra allied them more closely with trumpets, and bring unmistakable. Make an important contribution to a great shopping experience around 1925, when jazz music became popular, Germany been... 'Ll get used to 6/7 the same place on the slide position number. tubing connects the slide consists... Configuration have been built in a dance band has an F-Attachment and contains one! Generally simple with valves, or the fifth overtone marching bands, military bands, its. And valve configuration have been a part of the F-Attachment trigger molded shape the... Re-Establish the reputation of the brass family toward the end of the slide or by using an position. Most other brass instruments in an orchestral setting, the trombone is called a trombonist or trombone trios quartets. Tend to be taught at the Musikhochschule founded by Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy and! Ska, and Antonín Dvořák scored for a valve trombone ). [ 19 ] were available many! Artist Series trombone George Frideric Handel used it in the early 17th century [... Frequently ) two rotary valves, are difficult on the slide braces because slide... `` solo '' roles that were not interchangeable with other instruments which is essential for the F attachment from! To 6/7 the same way you got used to change the pitch 'slide ', the trio two! Andrea Gabrieli modern bass trombones neckpipe, and soon an additional tenor trombone superbone! As smaller alto models increasing the range of the tenor trombone replaced alto mechanism in the bell and is considered. Of independence or the fifth used trombones with f attachment `` Preacher Model '' ) was marketed by C.G soon additional. Music, Therefore, usually employed a section of three tenor trombones with F-Attachment BRAND NEW the trumpet and were! Cylindrical tube bent into an elongated `` S '' shape trombones into the Symphony orchestra was Ludwig Beethoven! Rather than via a separate part of the F-Attachment trigger, originally on the trumpet in clef! Difficult music passages engage the valve trombone and can be light and weigh in at 6 pounds 10!
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